How to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Navaho Sacred Object
The Navaho’s sacred objects are very much alive in the modern world.
But they are far from the only ones around, and that means they have to be preserved, protected and celebrated.
Navaho sacred items are some of the oldest and most popular objects in the country, according to the University of Hawaii archaeologist who’s been studying the objects since they were first discovered in the late 1920s.
“They’re not just objects of history,” said Dr Kate Stiles, lead researcher for the Archaeological Institute of America’s Sacred Objects Project.
“Navaho objects have an emotional, cultural and spiritual significance that we’re only just starting to understand.”
Here are the top 10 sacred objects in Hawaii.
Navajo Stone: The Navajo Stone is a small, two-foot-wide, 1.5-metre-wide (5.3-foot) stone in the Ka’e’alani Wilderness on the north shore of the Big Island.
“It’s like a sacred space,” Dr Stiles said.
“You can walk on it and you can look at it and be with people who have experienced the stone and have a connection with it.”
The stone was first discovered by archaeologist, William A. Clements, in 1885.
Cores had found it lying in the mud on the Big River, where the river meets the Kaʻalani, which is a tributary of the Pacific Ocean.
“I didn’t know the name of the river,” Clements said.
Coles described it as a “beautiful and deep” river, which the Navajos believed to be the source of the Kaākalani’s spring, but which they believed had never been visited.
“In those days we didn’t have any modern tools to measure water levels, and we had no idea what it would be like to have water flowing over that river,” he said.
The stone has a clear surface that looks like a rough river bed, and the edges of the stone are carved with patterns of symbols.
The stones are believed to date back to at least 1640 BC.
They are the oldest known stone artifacts in the world.
Puna Moku: “The Moku, or Mother Earth, is a sacred object in the Puna,” Dr Kate said.
They’re also the source for the Moku water source, which flows into the Ka ā ā River and provides the Ka’s drinking water.
“The Puna is a very sacred place,” she said.
Punas are the most remote and sparsely populated people in the area, and “they don’t know about their history and they don’t care,” Dr Plante said.
But Puna people “have been around for thousands of years.
They’ve seen their culture through the ages.
The Puna have a deep understanding of the world, and they can tell us a lot about their own culture.”
They are also an important cultural link to the Hawaiian islands, which share their name and have their own sacred places.
Ka’olu’u: A three-foot (one metre) high, three-inch (9 cm) diameter stone carved into a small circle of ground.
It is a Ka’alini holy object.
“If you go into the sacred area and look at the stone, you can see a large hole carved into it,” Dr John Stokes said.
It was discovered in 1922.
The Ka’ulekua sacred site is about a 20-minute drive from the Ka Moku and is home to the Ka T’o sacred site, where Native American stone carvings were discovered in 1908.
Ka T�o is sacred to the Mokulekui and the Mānoa.
The Mokules, who came to the Pāhoa tribe, and Māo�a are the two main tribes in the region, and both claim to have carved the stone.
The three-mile (5 km) journey through the Ka is sacred, as is the sacred time of the Pūkula, when the Pumu’a and Pākulas live together.
The two sites have been sacred for generations.
ʻOle-Olea: A large, two foot (1.4 metre) stone with an eye on the Ka.
“It’s a sacred place, and it’s the site of a great battle,” Dr Ken Plante explained.
In 1859, an 18-year-old Indian named John Kekua (aka O’Leod) set out to explore the Ka and found it, and he named the site after the stone he found.
“We’re talking about a major battle that took place there, in the middle of the day when there was no electricity,” he told ABC News.
“So the Indians had