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New ancient Assyrian artifacts may have been taken to Babylon by emperor

Assyrians were among the first people to make use of Babylonian artefacts during the Islamic conquest of the Near East.

A collection of 4,500 ancient Assyrians and other artifacts discovered in northern Iraq has been identified as the remains of a powerful and influential Assyrian empire.

Archaeologists say the collection, which dates from the ninth century BC, could provide the oldest known evidence of a large Assyrian dynasty in the Middle East.

They say the artefacts, including pottery and a gold necklace made from two stones, are among the most significant finds from a single period.

Archive photos show that at least three of the artifacts, called the Bishrasht, were discovered near Mosul, the largest city in the region.

Baghdad is the capital of the Assyrian Empire and one of the three main centres of the ancient empire.

The artefacts date from around the time of the Islamic invasion of the Persian Gulf and were made of gold and silver.

Experts say the city of Mosul was home to a major commercial centre and was one of two major centres of trade between the empire and other parts of the region, including Anatolia, Syria and Iraq.

The discovery was made during an archaeological expedition in the Tigris River Delta in northern Mosul, where researchers had already been excavating for several years.

“The artefact is quite amazing, we were quite surprised by it,” said archaeologist Mohammad Abu al-Jibouri, of the Institute of Archaeology and Ancient History of the Iraqi Research University.

“It is the largest ancient Assyriological collection we have found in the area.”

The find could also shed light on how the Assyrians became influential in the eastern part of the empire.

In addition to the gold and the necklace, the researchers found bronze objects including a shield and a dagger.

A total of 4.4 million coins and coins worth between 5,000 and 5,500 dinars have been found, and a further 300,000 coins and bronze items were found at archaeological sites in the city.

“It’s really significant to see how the ancient Assyria emerged and the influence they had on other peoples,” said Prof Abubaker Ibrahim, an Assyrian scholar at the University of Oxford.

“If you compare them to modern people, they are not as influential, but in a different way, it’s a very significant thing for us.”

A small city in a large regionThe researchers say the Bifrashti collection of artefacts is a significant milestone for the discovery of Assyrian culture in Iraq.

“In the Assyria area, you have a very rich archaeological culture, and we have a lot of material to study from the past,” said Abu al­Jiburi.

“But the number of artifacts found here is much higher, we can say that in the Nineveh area, the amount of material that was found is much larger than what we have discovered in the rest of the Ninevah region.”

Archaeological sites in Nineveh, Iraq, are known to contain large amounts of artefact material.

The city of Nineveh was home of the city’s royal palace until it was sacked by the Assyrias in 605AD.

In the early part of this century, Iraq was divided between the Tigri-Tunis and the Euphrates rivers.

The Tigri was controlled by the Mamelukes, the dynasty of the famous Assyrian king, Yazid II, who ruled from 636 to 680AD.

The Euphrates was controlled in the same way by the Abbasids, the successors of the legendary Mameluk king, Uzziah.

In Nineveh itself, a small city called Babil was founded around 1000BC by the king of the Mavidids, Yazd I.

The Mavidid empire included the area around Baghdad, including the city known as Nimrud.

A large portion of the collection was excavated in the early years of the 1990s by the US-based Assyriologists Association.

Researchers have since moved to excavate more of the site and the collection is now part of an international team led by the University’s School of Oriental and African Studies.

The collection includes several pottery pieces, a sword, and bronze daggers, the team says.

“This discovery opens up a new chapter in the history of Assyria,” said Dr Abubeker Ibrahim.

“The findings help us to understand what the early history of the Bismuth empire was, as well as the ways that it was influenced by the Persian influence in the north.”

The artifacts were discovered by Iraqi archaeologists after digging for a number of years.

The archaeologists say they have only just begun to excavating and the artefact collection has not been made public yet.